Fibre Optic Broadband Explained for Everyone

What is fibre optic broadband?

A fibre optic broadband is a type of connection that offers it users much higher connection speeds than any other conventional services such as ADSL and ADSL2+. Fibre broadband is the future of internet connections because it makes use of fibre-optic technology that enables the internet connection to achieve the fastest speeds of up to 1Gbps an equivalent of 10,000Mbps. Other conventional connections utilise the standard copper cables to transfer data. Which makes them much slower compared to the fibre-optic technology.


The need for fibre connections

Living in a shared house or staying with your family in a house that is connected to the conventional connections means that you are probably experiencing downtimes, especially in the peak hours when everyone wants to use the internet. This is often frustrating since the speeds are slowed down by great margins. This is where fibre broadband comes in. It ensures that its users do not experience downtimes and speed lags while browsing the internet or browsing their favourite movies or music.


How does it work?

This technology works through the transmission of a beam of light through the fibre optic glass cables, data is able to be transferred from one place to another via a complex process. The core and cladding work together to create total internal reflection in the cables that enables them to transmit light through the fibre in Laser pulses or LED in extremely superior speeds. These pulses are responsible for conveying binary data in a code that makes up everything that we see on the internet and are organised in small bits forming bytes. The pulses undergo optimal amplifications as they travel every sixty miles to boost the signal to avoid signal degradation.

At the destination, the pulses are converted into electrical Ethernet by an optical network terminal (ONT) that happens at the last mile. This is the point at which information relayed via the fibre optic cables is connected to the consumer as the backbone of the internet. This is the central system of the internet.


Types of Last Mile fibre connections

There are different Fibre to the X or basically FTTX and they include:


  • FTTP/FTTD/FTTB/FTTH: These are fiber to the premise, fibre to the desktop, fibre to the building and fibre to the home respectively and they are the most direct fibre lines that offer fibre broadband connections. There are no copper cables involved and you get pure fibre optic connection to your home. They may require you to dig deeper into your pockets but offer the best and reliable internet speeds.
  • FTTC/FTTS/FTTN: These are fibre to the cabinet, fibre to the street and fibre to the neighbourhood respectively. The connections are delivered to a cabinet in the neighbourhood at approximately 1000ft from the farthest home and it is connected to houses in copper cables. Internet Service Providers prefer this connection because they don’t need to invest in costly infrastructure.

Why you need fibre connection

The fibre optic connections have a lot of benefits that include:

  • Enjoying stable and fast internet speeds despite the number of people using the connection at the same time.
  • You can stream a lot of content from different streaming providers with no downtime.
  • Downloading large files and movies has never been easier and quicker.
  • You will enjoy online gaming with reduced game lag because of the dedicated speeds.
  • Working from home.

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